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Art Création Décoration - Esther Brassac - 15 rue du boulay - 27930 Emalleville - France - Contact - © All rights reserved

It's a little tree, almost a shrub, high of 12 meters maximum. In reality, this name regroups several different woods which have in common the specific weight, the uniformity of the grain and the light yellow colour. One finds it in occidental Europe, England, Turkey, Iran but also in Asia and South of Africa.

Buis

This wood is exported from Ceylan and south and central India.

 

This tree has a little size enough because it measures about 15 meter with a diameter of 30 cm.

 

Its colour is golden yellow to golden brown. But it can be different according to the trees.

 

It's a heavy wood, durable and strong. Its texture is fine and regular, intermingled with a striped motive. A neat finishing makes it possible to obtain a perfectly polished surface and a beautiful glazed effect.

 

It's difficult to work, by hand like machine. Its gluing can pose a problème too. Its seasoning is critical because this wood has a tendency to buckle and split on the surface.

 

Well known as far back as the nineteenth century, it's used punctually by the cabinet makers. It's used for the making of little objects and veneering principally.

Citronnier de Ceylan

This tree is from the same type botanic than the rosewood but, however, we can't mistake one for the other because the Cocobolo has a very different colour . It grows from Mexico to Panama and it's exported more particularly from Nicaragua and Costa Rica.

 

Its colour is purplish-blush red or yellow, with black veins. It becomes dark orange-red with the sunshine. Its veins can be right or irregular according to the trees.

 

It has a middle texture but regular and it's so dense than the rosewood. Its grain is irregular.

 

In spite of its hardness, it's easy to work with, however, some tools well sharpened. In order to be realized in good conditions, its seasoning must be made from little logs. It stays stable when it's dry.

 

When this wood is used, it exhales a pleasant smell because of the presence of an essential oil. This one facilitates the finishing giving a nice glazed aspect but, unfortunatelly, causes difficulties for the gluing.

 

It's important to keep in mind that the sawdust is irritant and can make to appear a dermatosis. It also has an important power of colouring which tints the skin.

 

This wood is used for veneering and turning woodwork too.

Cocobolo

The black ebony is used for a long time because its use comes from the egyptian civilization. At the present time, this wood is became rare and it's imported from tropical Africa principally under the shape of heart logs. In the past, it was imported more particularly from India and Ceylan.

 

Its colour is black with some little lighter traces. This wood has a very close-grained texture, what gives a marvellous aspect after the finishing.

 

Its seasoning is difficult and slow. It's hard and brittle but has a nice polishing. It's difficult to work because it blunts the sharp of the tools rapidly. So, it's used for turning woodwork especially when it's used solid.

 

At present, the ebony is used for the making of luxurious little objects. In fact, its use is less and less frequent and the veneering intended for the creation of marquetries aren't very marketed.

 

The Macassar ebony, very rare too, has a different colour. It's dark brown with black or brown veins or, for the one from Coromandel, with some grey or brown spots. It owns some characteristics almost identical at the ones of black ebony. At the contrary, it's more difficult to work when it's solid.

Ebène

Buxus sempervirens

Box wood

Mean dry weight

930 kg/m3

Box wood

Chloroxylon swietenia

 

 

Other names

Bois satiné de l'Inde

Satinwood

Specific weight

0.85 to 0.95 very hard

Satinwood

Dalbegia retusa

 

Other name

Granadillo (Mexico)

 

Cocobolo

Mean dry weight

1100 kg/m3

Cocobolo

Type Diospyros

 

Other names

Ebène vrai

Mevini (Cameroon)

Evila (Gabon)

Abokpo (Nigeria)

N'goubou ou Bingo (Centrafrican Republic)

 

Other names

for the Macassar ebony

Andaman Marblewood

Wood of Coramandel

Ceylan ebony

Mean dry weight

(Ceylan ebony)

1190 kg/m3

 

 

 

Specific weight

1.10 to 1.20

very hard

Ebony

Its grain is very fine with some right veins sometimes, more often irregular. It's very dense even after seasoning. This last operation must be made with the greatest care, because otherwise, it splits.

 

Used for a long time, this wood is very used for turning wood work, wood engraving and marquetry. It makes it possible to realize little objects li

Species of wood

This chapter is intended to present to you some kinds of wood used in marquetry. Each wood will be described according to its technical qualities with a little biologic outline. Of course, this list isn't exhaustive and will be completed in the future.

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