Numerous head-dresses existed at that epoch, here are some examples :
The Balzo was an italian cap looking like to a turban because it was constituted
of a cushion covered with a gold hairnet. The armature of this cap was made of a
metal leaf or leather covered with a silk material. It was the usual head-dress at
the beginning of sixteenth century.
The head-dress Tudor
Ladies still wore the "touret", veil made of silk or embroidered velvet or decorated
with jewels. It was fixed with a circle ornamented with precious stones and, later,
will become a veil falling from the hood, named "of heart". This head-dress already
existed in the previous centuries.
In England, the most importante characteristic of women's costume, which was similar
at that one of France's court, was the head-dress Tudor. This one had a gold cloth
the "escoffion" which framed the face. A cornet often black, was fixed above, hanging
or raised. The "escoffion" was a hairnet with pearls made for wrapping hair with
various ways. The bonnet hood was also often worn. It's a light head-dress maintained
by one or two circles decorated with pearls or precious stones. It was covered on
the back by a cornet of hood put flat or fixed on a rigid armature which made it
possible to take the head out of pawn. The flaps fell on the shoulders. Diane de
Poitiers is often represented with this head-dress ont her portraits. The women (and
the men too) wore hair "in racket" or in "ratepenade", that is to say raised around
In England, the head-dress in lace, named Shadow because it covered the forehead,
is going to be supplanted by some hairdresses decorated with precious stones. In
Germany, women wore large hats made of felt of velvet ornamented with ostrich feathers
and jewels. They were put on the hair which was covered with a hairnet.
Shoe with two heels
During the sixteenth century, the desire to make dispear the inequality between size
of men and women pushed the Spanish to create some shoes with tall soles, made of
wood or cork, for the ladies. This kind of shoes liked particularly in the ecclesistical
spheres because, in their opinion, those shoes constituted an effective arm against
all kind of pleasures like dancing. The people who wore them had some indulgences
That fashion of tall "chapines" had some success in all of countries in Europe.
The height of soles was such important that the women walked swinging their skirts
lightly. They seemed carried on small wheels.
The slippers, arrived in France as far back as the fifteenth century, were reserved
for the use of women during the sixteenth century. They were made of silk or in a
very fine leather. The court shoe or "escafignon" was a very light shoe, without
heel at that epoch and that had some slashes above. The "pianella" is the name given
at a kind of italian slipper in the sixteenth century. It was worn by french Shoe
with two heelswomen who used it to go out, equiped with clogs in order to protect
At that epoch began the use of knitted stockings, principally in Spain. They were
decorated with high color embroideries. In 1589, William Lee, an english ecclesiastic,
made the first loom for stockings. That made it possible to put in place of the realization
by hand. For the ladies, the skirt had a very large pleat above the hem. Like that,
they could sit without discovering their feet, what would have been a very great
indecency, principally in Spain where the customs were stricter than somewhere else.
The beret was another kind of cap, supple and flat, round or square, with various
sizes. It was often made of velvet and decorated with embroideries and feathers.
It was worn by men et women.
The head-dress became pyramidal. The cap emphasized this effect and was taller and
taller. That one was trimed with an aigrette and even could have a hood in shape
of heart which the triangular fell on the forehead. The sides bent on the bouffant
hair-do. The name of "attifet" was given it but, before the birth of this head-dress,
this word designated every head-dress since the end of fifteenth century.
The caps went out of fashion at the end of reign of Henri III. Ladies will wear no
more hats for two centuries, except for special circumstances (hunting for instance).
The hair, raised because of the ruff, was maintained thanks to an armature and covered
with an "attifet". The straw hat appeared towards the middle of sixteenth century.