Art création décoration

Art création décoration
Art création décoration
Art création décoration

Artistic techniques

History of subjects

Bookshop

Galleries

About me

Welcome

Artistic directory

Techniques

Bobbin laces

Leaf gilding

Marquetry

Spun copper

Papier mache

 

 

History

Costume  Renaissance

Myth of unicorn

History of pilgrimage

Pandore doll

Artist doll

Saint Martin

Saint Michel

 

 

Shop

Bookshop

 

Galleries

Gallery of dolls and pictures

 

Various

About the author

French version

Welcome - Artistic techniques - History of subjects - Bookshop

Art Création Décoration - Esther Brassac - 15 rue du boulay - 27930 Emalleville - France - Contact - © All rights reserved

For more 1 500 years, this fabulous animal has been fascinating the Occidental.

 

It was represented under all kind of shapes : horse, gazelle, rhinoceros, unicorn deer, kid... Its size could also vary considerably, from the size of a dog to the one of a horse.

In time, the unicorn is became the symbol of purity. Paradoxically, it was, however, according to the epoches and sensitivity, synonymous with erotism in the couple that it makes with the young woman or, on the contrary, synonymous of the embodiment of christian religion. In the christian religion, it has been representing the sacrifice of Christ when he was crucifyed. The legend wants that the unicorn be attracted by the virgins and only by them. It's why, we can see on numerous artistic pictures some hunters catching and killing a unicorn thanks to the presence of a young woman. And it's this present which has been symbolizing the history of the crucifixion.

 

Into the old texts, another virtue was attributed at the unicorn. In effect, one thought that its horn could protect against poisons. It was used by the great peoples who wished to prevent this risk. In reality, it was surely a horn of unicorn whale reduced to powder. But the distinction wasn't made because one believes at the existence of this fabulous animal.

 

The unicorn was a great importance during the Middle Ages because of what it represented for the christians. However, it interest reduced after the Renaissance because of the transformation of the symbolics : the phantasm became predominant.

 

We must know that the female unicorn wasn't the only one to be represented. The male unicorn traduced the phallic symbol and took an erotic sense when it was with the young woman.

 

Sometimes fine and gentle, sometimes cruel and wild, the western imaginary gave a paradoxical and changing image of the unicorn, but this is the dream which gave birth at the myth.

Myth of the unicorn
Enlèvement sur une licorne

Gravure de Albert Dürer,
Enlèvement sur une licorne,
1516

Licorne from Hampton Court

Licorne from Hampton Court

Virgin and unicorn

Virgin and Unicorn, (working under Annibale Carracci), Fresco, 1604 – 1605, Farnese Palace, Rome.