For more 1 500 years, this fabulous animal has been fascinating the Occidental.
It was represented under all kind of shapes : horse, gazelle, rhinoceros, unicorn
deer, kid... Its size could also vary considerably, from the size of a dog to the
one of a horse.
In time, the unicorn is became the symbol of purity. Paradoxically, it was, however,
according to the epoches and sensitivity, synonymous with erotism in the couple that
it makes with the young woman or, on the contrary, synonymous of the embodiment of
christian religion. In the christian religion, it has been representing the sacrifice
of Christ when he was crucifyed. The legend wants that the unicorn be attracted by
the virgins and only by them. It's why, we can see on numerous artistic pictures
some hunters catching and killing a unicorn thanks to the presence of a young woman.
And it's this present which has been symbolizing the history of the crucifixion.
Into the old texts, another virtue was attributed at the unicorn. In effect, one
thought that its horn could protect against poisons. It was used by the great peoples
who wished to prevent this risk. In reality, it was surely a horn of unicorn whale
reduced to powder. But the distinction wasn't made because one believes at the existence
of this fabulous animal.
The unicorn was a great importance during the Middle Ages because of what it represented
for the christians. However, it interest reduced after the Renaissance because of
the transformation of the symbolics : the phantasm became predominant.
We must know that the female unicorn wasn't the only one to be represented. The male
unicorn traduced the phallic symbol and took an erotic sense when it was with the
Sometimes fine and gentle, sometimes cruel and wild, the western imaginary gave a
paradoxical and changing image of the unicorn, but this is the dream which gave birth
at the myth.